Congratulations on your new family member. Training a new puppy can be one of the most challenging and most rewarding jobs you’ll ever encounter. If you’re a first time puppy owner, you may be wondering what in the world you’re supposed to do with this furry bundle of joy. We remember our first puppy, and it can be a confusing time if you’re not sure what to do or how to do it. Here, we’ll venture to help you navigate through these first few days, weeks and months with a pack leader mindset and confidence.
It’s All In a Name
The first time you call your puppy’s name, you know exactly what it means. Your pup, however, only hears it as a word. Therefore, it’s important to start adding value to the name so that your pup is encourage to respond to it.
Say your pups name and then give them a reward. The reward can be in the form of a very small training treat or part of their daily food. Do this three or four times in a row. We find that pups at this age — with short attention spans and little bellies — are most motivated when they are hungry. Training at meal time will help to drive home the message of their name.
Now that your puppy understands that the sound of their name gets them a reward, it’s time to get them to respond when you’re not face to face.
Wait until your puppy is distracted. Which with a puppy, shouldn’t take too long. Call their name and put a treat on their nose (keeping your hand in place). Then turn them towards you (either with your other hand or by moving the treat that they will instinctively follow). Once they are facing you, give them the treat. This reinforces that your pet should respond to you when they hear their name.
To ensure that you can command your pup by calling their name, do not over use it. If a pups name is overused, it tends to be watered down in importance, and they may choose to stop responding to it. Training a puppy is also about training us humans.
Using a New Collar
As a right of passage, every puppy learns to wear their new collar. At first, they may scratch at it or act as if they’d like it taken off. This is normal. It’s similar to us getting used to new shoes or new glasses, for instance.
Long-term, a dog’s collar is very important. Training a puppy to wear a collar gives you a way to keep your puppy, and later your adult dog, safe.
Play Time and Out Time
Did you know that you can use toy play time as a way to teach your puppy to go outside?
Start by finding a toy that you can hold securely and animate it on the ground for them — dragging it from side to side. Make it look exciting so that your puppy is interested in engaging with the toy. Once your puppy gets a hold of that toy and is tugging back and excited say the word “out”. At the same time, present the reward (treat, dog food) and tell them “good girl/boy” once they take it. Do this in succession a few times. This helps lay the groundwork for using the word “out” to instruct your puppy that it’s time to go outside.
In Part 2 of this series, Training a Puppy, we’ll be covering a few other essentials for new puppy owners, such as how crating a puppy is helpful for you and them.
Over the years, we’ve had several dogs in our family. Some are sweet and affectionate, while others are mischievous and naughty. Others are a cute mixture. It’s those mischievous dogs that you have to look out for. We’ve also found that certain breeds can have more of a naughty streak than others.
Naughty or Simply Not-Nice?
While there truly is no such thing as a purely “bad” dog, some of their behavior may suggest otherwise. Often getting a bad rap are dogs born with high intelligence and high energy who are under stimulated. These guys can often find themselves in trouble. Understanding if they just have a playful streak or if it’s a destructive or dangerous one should be considered. When they are dangerous, true corrective action may be required.
Do any of these sound familiar to you?
They like to chew or obliterate small objects like pillows or socks or maybe even shoes. If they prey on larger household items like furniture, it probably requires some consequences and corrective action.
They constantly want to trick you into letting them outside to potty when they don’t have to. If they shut the locked door behind you, it’s time to get serious.
Do they ever put you or themselves into dangerous situations? Dogs that get off their leash and stay near you are fairly trustworthy. However, those types that break free and run like the wind into oncoming traffic, they need to be trained not to do so.
Most Common Mischievous Breeds
There are exceptions to every rule. But this list, if left to their own devices, shouldn’t surprise pup parents if they craft some of their own mischief.
Pit Bulls (this group includes American Pit Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier and more)
Belgian Malinois (often found in police and military fields)
If one of your furry family members is on the list above, and he’s true to form, you may be wondering what’s next. First, decide if you need his behavior corrected or if it’s a source of pleasure for you both. Remember, laughing at your naughty pup and giving him attention during his antics encourages him to continue his behavior. If, however, you ignore and gently correct a mischievous dog they will start to learn. For more extreme behaviors, consider speaking with a professional dog trainer and/or your veterinarian.
If you live in Arizona, you know there are several spots to go hiking with your dog. There’s Camelback Mountain in Phoenix, the trails leading up to Flat Iron, Browns Peak, and several others. Just like human hikers, dogs need the right equipment to stay safe. Getting ready for your hike means not leaving home without these essentials.
Collapsible Water Bowl
It’s fairly easy for your dog to overheat. This is especially true while hiking and exerting himself in the Arizona heat. Dogs do not sweat like humans, so it’s important to ensure that they don’t get too hot. Your furry friend will keep hiking until he drops, therefore, it’s your job to make sure that doesn’t happen.
It is very important to offer them water throughout your journey. One of the easiest ways to do that is by bringing a collapsible dog bowl on your hike. Small, collapsible dog bowls help regulate the amount of water poured so you won’t have to dump excess water. If you dog wants more, simply refill it. Chewy.com offers several types of collapsible bowls. Most offer a quick release clip that can be attached to collars and leashes.
If you’re off on a serious hike, you may be carrying lots of equipment. If your dog is able, consider a canine backpack so that he can carry some of his food and water. Check with your veterinarian about how much and if your dog should carry one. The general rule is that your pup can carry about one quarter of their own weight.
Footwear for Your Dog
You are going hiking with your dog and you’ve chosen the proper foot attire for yourself. You’ll want to consider doing the same for Fido. We all know that dogs do not adore those little dog booties. However, they can provide protection from the rough terrain. For instance, if your dog cuts a pad on the way in, getting Fido back out could be spell trouble. Dog booties take a little getting used to, therefore, try them on at home before your big hike.
Are you packing snacks for yourself for your hike with your dog? If you are, you’ll want to pack some for Fido, too. Just like you, he will need a little energy boost to keep him going. There are several energy bars and snacks on the market for dogs. Depending on your preferences, such as all natural, or avoiding specific ingredients, you’ll want to find the right ones. Pawtivity, an adventure blog for dogs, put together a list of the best energy bars for dogs 2018. This list may not be exhaustive, however, it is a good start.
The Proper Collar
Just like choosing the proper footwear, consider choosing the proper collar for your hike with your dog. A quick release collar will ensure that you can easily free your pup from a tricky situation such as being stuck on a tree branch. Collars made of nylon or other fast-drying materials are best. Also on Fido’s collar should be an ID with your cell phone number in the event the two of you are separated. Be sure to carry your phone on your hike.
K9 First Aid Kit
If you were a Girl or Boy Scout, you will remember the motto of “Be prepared”. If you’re like many hikers, you may want to bring a K9 first aid kit. For a list of what to bring, the Animal Health Foundation, with the help of the Humane Society, has put together a detailed list of items.
We all know that dogs are amazing. Even as close as we are to our trusted companions, we think you may not yet know these fun facts about dogs.
Dogs Understand Us
Did you know that dogs can learn up to 1,000 words? If you’ve ever thought that Fido understands you, it’s because he does!
Have you ever seen a dog waving his tail in a complete circle like a helicopter? That behavior is typically a sign of a particularly friendly dog. It also shows a genuine happiness to see someone special to them. Learn more about helicopter tail waging here.
Unique Nose Print
Did you know that a dog’s nose print is unique like a human’s finger print? Wondering which of your pups stole the cookie from the cookie jar? You can nose-print them to find your culprit. (Just kidding, of course).
Why a Wet Nose?
Dogs’ noses secrete a thin layer of mucous. This mucous helps them to absorb scents. When your dog licks his already wet nose, it is to sample the scents through his mouth.
Run Forest, Run
The Greyhound, the fastest breed of dog, can run as fast as 44 mph. It is for this reason that extra care is advised when walking a greyhound or leaving him in a fenced yard. Because they are bred to run, finding them after a break-away can prove difficult.
Curling in a Ball
Did you ever wonder why dogs curl into a ball when they sleep? They do this to protect their organs. This behavior is an instinct and a carry-over from their days in the wild.
Third Eye (Lid)
Strange as it may sound, dogs have three eyelids. They have an upper lid, a lower lid and a third lid. The third lid is called a nictitating membrane or haw. The haw helps keep the eye moist and protected. All dogs have this membrane found in the inner corner of the eye. It is only noticeable when drawn horizontally across part of the eye.
Did you know that Dalmatian puppies are born with completely white fur? Their spots begin to appear on their fur with age. The first spots appear after three to four weeks after birth. After about a month’s time they have almost all of their spots. However, more spots will slowly appear throughout their life.
Post-Potty Backwards Kicking
Have you ever watched your dog kick backward repeatedly after potty time? This behavior is not to cover it up, as often thought. It is to mark their territory using scent glands in their feet.
A 2015 study shows that dogs show voluntary unselfish kindness towards others without any reward. This one fact is one that dog lovers have known for a long time!
For More Information
If you have questions about fun facts about dogs or general questions about pet care, you can contact Kara Jenkins, Owner of TLC Pet Sitter. We are also available by email at email@example.com. View more of our articles on pets here.